Local studies along with prescribed core elements of the National Curriculum guidelines form the programmes of work in history and geography. Visits to local shops, museums, historical sites, farms, rivers, seashore, etc. provide exciting starting points for children to begin to understand more about the past and the world in which we live. Visiting speakers also recount their own experiences or explain their specialist interests to further the children’s studies. Awareness of the contribution to the variety of life made by people from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds will also be included in the curriculum.